The problems of a manager at a product development site
- Schedule delays become the norm due to chasing after quality problems
- Similar quality problems are repeated
- Difficulty in creating products with new concepts
We are a consulting company specializing in product development innovation, and we help companies solve their problems using the Toyota method of lean product development as a best practice.
The Toyota method of lean product development is, in a sense, an idealistic theory, but our consulting services are based on a thorough understanding of how to put it into practice, and we can help you reform your development process and shorten your development time.
Changing the development process may not be easy, as there are major obstacles, but we hope that the entire organization will understand that great value can be gained and take on the challenge.
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The following are three important points to be considered when implementing the Toyota method of lean product development to suit the situation on the shop floor.
- Adopt a development method that builds up the “knowledge” that will become the company’s asset (set-based development)
- Create a system that allows knowledge assets to be nurtured and utilized by the organization rather than by individuals (A3 report culture)
- Develop charismatic leaders who can manage the entire value chain (chief engineer system)
Adopt a development method that builds up “knowledge” as a company asset (set-based development)
A mistake that many companies make in product development is to try to design the entire product quickly and make a prototype.
They try to shorten the product development period by building things quickly and solving problems quickly.
This brings out all sorts of bad things later on.
Product development is about putting in new concepts that the customer really wants and, if necessary, going into unknown technical areas to challenge them, while creating a quality product that satisfies the customer.
It is obvious from the beginning that if you make a prototype by mixing up the base technology that already exists and what you are going to challenge, you will not be able to collect the results.
By changing the development process to one of building up “knowledge” by trying out small things that are challenging or not currently known (set-based development), the time it takes to finally deliver a high-quality product to the customer will be shorter, even though it may seem like a long way off.
Many companies do this by deciding on all the specifications and proceeding with development on a point-by-point basis (point-based) before they know whether it is technically possible or not, and before they know whether the customer will really accept it or not.
This is the way many companies do it, but there are some companies that are not able to move on to set-based development because of the anxiety of both the top management and the front line about not deciding everything first.
The shortcut to reforming the product development process is to shift to a way of thinking where knowledge is accumulated in small units to create challenging products.
Reference article ：Understanding Set-Based Development
Creating a system that allows knowledge assets to be nurtured and utilized by the organization rather than by individuals (A3 report culture)
Development efficiency can be dramatically improved by changing to a development method that accumulates small pieces of knowledge, and at the same time, by creating a system and structure that allows the company to accumulate that knowledge as an asset and reuse it in organizational activities.
We will use the “A3 report,” which can describe a lot of “knowledge” in one sheet and can be communicated to others.
I think the significance of a report in a company is usually that it is a tool to report the results of your work, progress, suggestions, etc. to your boss.
That is correct, but as mentioned earlier, in order to view “knowledge” as a “company asset,” it is necessary to leave it as a product of the entire company, rather than as a product of an individual.
In order to properly create an A3 reporting culture, we need to
- Changing the mindset that an A3 report is not an individual product, but a company asset
- A mindset that each A3 should be nurtured by the team because it is a company asset
- The mindset of proactively writing A3s to make them a company asset
It is necessary to change the mindset like the following.
By integrating the A3 report culture with the set-based development method, product development can be carried out with a focus on the idea of “knowledge” assets, and the occurrence of quality problems can be dramatically reduced.
Naturally, development time can also be greatly reduced.
The A3 report culture will help you become better at communicating what you are doing to others. It also encourages people to take an interest in what others are doing, which in turn stimulates communication within the organization.
Both supervisors and subordinates will be nurtured both technically and humanely.
Reference article ：Product Development Innovation through A3 Report Culture
Developing charismatic leaders who can manage the entire value chain (chief engineer system)
It is also necessary as a process reform to improve the quality of project progress, for example, to solve problems that occur in the development process in a short period of time, or to minimize damage even when problems occur based on anticipated risks.
Toyota’s chief engineer system is very famous. The chief engineer is not just a development project leader, but is responsible for the entire value chain of the product, from marketing, planning, manufacturing, sales, purchasing, and service. In other words, the chief engineer has all the business responsibilities related to the product model and also has the ability to carry out all of them, making him or her a superman-like all-rounder.
One competent leadership is the ideal in every company, but although many companies try to copy this system, it is not easy to do so.
Not only does it take time to develop a superman, but it also requires the soil and structure to nurture him.
We must first create people who can serve as examples, and we must create a culture and system that will continuously produce supermen, but for many companies, creating this system will be a 10-year job.
It requires understanding from top management and a reform system that is prepared to be patient and long term.
I believe that Toyota’s chief engineer is responsible for the entire value chain, and many companies have a phase-gate development style where the person responsible changes with each phase.
If that is the case, it may be difficult to set up the position of chief engineer itself.
Normally, a project manager would be assigned to manage only the development and design phases.
However, the responsibility of this project manager is of course also significant, and the level of QCD achievement of the project is affected by the competence of the project manager.
I think that developing excellent project managers is an important issue that can become a management issue for a company.
There are many companies that have adopted a system similar to that of Toyota’s Chief Engineer, but I believe that what is important is not the system itself, but rather the concept of training and how to continuously train excellent project managers, as well as the structure and culture that supports it.
If you are interested in developing excellent project managers, please refer to the following reference articles.
Reference article ：How to Continuously Create Excellent Project Managers
Now that you understand the three important points necessary for reforming the development process, I would like to talk about how to proceed with the reform, the system, and the actual time required.
The product development process is like the culture of the company, and over a long period of time, it is ingrained in the body from the top to the bottom.
It takes a certain amount of time and effort to change it.
Necessary structure for development process reform
Top management participation and full support
First of all, this is a must. The more enthusiastic the top management is about promoting the reform and its methods, the more the reform will progress.
The more the top management is enthusiastic about promoting the reform and its methods, the more the reform will proceed. If they often reject the proposals from the promotion team based on conventional logic, the reform will not proceed.
Reform promotion team and its authority
By assigning a promotion team of 5 to 10 people who are highly motivated and aware of the problems with the current situation, the team will learn the essence of the method, make a promotion plan, and implement the reform by influencing the people around them.
It is very important to have the authority and support from upper management to ensure that the proposals from this team are smoothly passed within the company.
Setting up a model project
It is difficult to change the company’s structure, processes and habits that have been used for many years all at once, and the reform activities may be frustrated due to resistance.
If you can start with a model project and proceed with the project with the new process as a special exception in a state of extraterritoriality, you can proceed with the reform to your advantage.
However, I think it is important to allow the project to proceed with some time for trial and error without placing strong expectations on the members, and to make sure that the members are convinced that they can do it again based on what they have learned, rather than seeking the results themselves.
Required period for development process reform
The required period will vary depending on the length of the normal development period of the target product, the state of the product before the reform, the number of members who can participate in the reform, and the degree of involvement of top management.
To put it crudely, I think it takes about five times longer than the average product development period. In other words, if the development period for one model is usually one year, it will take five years for the reform to be completed and the new process to take root.
However, the way to proceed (rough flow) is as follows, so that the results can be properly measured along the way.
Education for the reform team ： 6 months
Model project ： Average development time
New process design ： 6 months
New and old processes used together (new process started up in part)
New process application model development ： Average development time
Modification of new process ： 6 months
Expansion of the new process (gradual shift of resources)
Application of the new process to multiple models
Full deployment and establishment of the new process
It takes about five years for a development process reform to be put into practice and for the new process to take root.
However, it does not mean that there will be no results at all during the five years.
It is possible to build up solid results step by step.
The case study that I can introduce here is about Teradyne Vensos, a manufacturer of inspection machines that introduced Lean development early in the United States. (We cannot disclose our client’s case study at this time because it is confidential information and they are still in the process of reform.)
When I visited this company in 2015, I was able to exchange information with Bob Melvin, the general manager of the development division who has been leading the development process reform through Lean development, and listen to their development story, current status, and future.
Their development process reform started because Ron Marsiglio, the president at the time, was an enthusiastic believer in Lean development, so at first, Michael Kennedy, a Lean development consultant, and the president took the lead.
Let’s take a rough look at the flow of their reforms.
2005 Start to introduce Lean Development
Ron, the president, and a consultant start the introduction
2007 Lean development adopted in the first model project
A3 culture is established
Bob Melvin joins the company
2010 Completion of Lean development process for the entire company
Bob recalls that it took a total of five years to implement the first model and another three years to implement the second model, and that the major issue was how to bridge the gap between the ideal form and reality and the workplace.
He really struggled with how to adapt the methods provided as theory to the processes and habits they had been using for years, and how to realistically make the transition.
After five years, Bob looks back on how they were able to make it their own, and when I asked him about the specific benefits, he replied
Effects of introducing Lean Development
- Significant improvement in development productivity
- Significantly reduced development lead time (from 16 months to 11 months, as shown below)
- Significant reduction in rework during development
- Developer turnover rate 15%/year → 0
- Ratio of value-added work 20%→80%
- Significantly reduced stress among employees
The figure below shows the difference in the sense of schedule before and after the development process reform at Teradyne Vensos.
By spending more time on proof of concept (POC) in small experiments to build up knowledge, and by using a seemingly roundabout approach to design and prototyping only once, we have shown that the total development period has been greatly reduced.
In addition, the fact that market problems have been drastically reduced, whereas the conventional way of doing things would have caused quality problems in the market even after mass production, is also a major effect.
Bob told me that they were at the beginning of their reform in 2010, and five years later, in 2015, that is, ten years after the start of the reform, they still did not have a chief engineer. However, he said there are two candidates.
I understand the theory behind Lean development, but how do I put it into practice in the field?
This session will answer these questions.
We offer an open seminar on Lean Product Development, where you can understand the outline of Lean Product Development and learn how to put it into practice through exercises.
The” Lean Product Development Practice Seminar” is offered as an open course.
How to Support Futureship
- Education of the reform promotion team on Lean product development methods
- Support for planning development process reforms (analysis of current situation → establishment of policies and action plans)
- Full support for the reform
If you are interested, please fill out the form below. We will contact you.